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CGR 101
Social Science 102
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B.A.  George Washington University, Psychology
M.A.   George Washington University, Education
M.S.   Bucknell University, Psychology—Animal Behavior
Ph.D.  University of Hawaii, Psychology—Comparative/Physiological

Gordon Bauer, Professor Emeritus of Psychology, taught courses in biological psychology at New College of Florida for 26 years.  He was also Chair of the Division of Social Sciences.  He continues to study animal senses, cognition, and behavior in a variety of species including manatees, bottlenose dolphins, humpback whales, and sea turtles. In recent years he has focused on a broad survey of manatee senses, including vision, hearing, and touch.  He has also investigated magnetoreception by cetaceans and sea turtles, hearing by dolphins and sea turtles, imitation and synchronous behavior of dolphins, humpback whale behavior, memory of honeybees, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in humans.  His collaborative work on animal senses has emphasized psychophysical and neurobiological methods.

Selected Publications

  • Rycyk, A.M., Bauer, G.B., Gaspard III, J.C., Wells, R.S., & Mann, D.A. (accepted for publication). The influence of variations in background noise on Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) detection of boat noise and vocalizations. PLOS ONE.
  • Bauer, G.B., Deimeke, M., & Foltz, A. (2020). Manatee/Green Sea Turtle Behavioral Interactions: Interspecies Play? Sirenews, November, 72, 22-24.
  • Bauer, G.B., Cook, P.F., & Harley, H.E. (2020). The relevance of ecological transitions to intelligence in marine mammals. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 2053. |
  • Delon, N., Cook, P.F., Bauer, G.B., & Harley, H.E. (2020). Consider the agent in the arthropod Commentary on Mikhalevich & Powell on Invertebrate Minds. Animal Sentience, 29 (32).
  • Bauer, G. B, Reep, R. L, & Marshall, C. D. (2018). The Tactile Senses of Marine Mammals. International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 31, 1-28. Retrieved from
  • Bauer, G.B. & Reep, R. (2017). Sirenian Sensory Processes. J. Vonk, T.K. Shackelford (eds.), Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior, pp 1 -7). Springer International Publishing,
  • Harley, H.E. and Bauer, G.B. (2017).  Cetacean Cognition. J. Vonk, T.K. Shackelford (eds.), Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior.
  • Gaspard III, J.C., Bauer, G.B., Mann, D.A., Boerner, K.,  Denum, L., Frances, C., and Reep, R.L.  (2017). Detection of hydrodynamic stimuli by the postcranial sensory body of Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris).  Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 111-120. DOI: 10.1007/s00359-016-1142-8.
  • Tyler-Julian, K., Chapman, K.M. Frances,C. and Bauer, G.B. (2016) Behavioral lateralization in the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris).   International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 29.
  • Colbert-Luke, D.E. Gaspard, 3rd, J.C.,  Reep, R.L., Bauer, G.B., Dziuk, K. Cardwell, A. and Mann, D.A. (2015). Eight-Choice Sound Localization by Manatees: Performance Abilities and Head Related Transfer Functions.  Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 201, 249-259.
  • Gaspard, J.C. III, Bauer, G.B., Reep, R.L., Dziuk, K., Read, L., Mann, D.A. (2013).  Detection of hydrodynamic stimuli by the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Journal of Comparative Physiology A 199, 441-450.
  • Fellner, W., Bauer, G.B., Stamper, S.A., Losch, B.A., & Dahood, A. (2012). The Development of Synchronous Movement by Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus).  Marine Mammal Science, 29, E203-E225.
  • Martin, K.J., Sarah C. Alessi, S.C., Gaspard,  J.C., Tucker, A.D.,  Bauer, G.B., & Mann, D.A. (2012). Underwater Hearing in the Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta caretta): A Comparison of Behavioral and Auditory Evoked Potential Audiograms.  Journal of Experimental Biology, 215, 3001-3009.
  • Gaspard, J.C. Bauer, G.B., Reep, R.L. Dziuk, K., & Mann, D.A. (2012). Audiogram and Auditory Critical Ratios of Two Florida Manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris).  Journal of Experimental Biology, 215, 1442-1447.
  • Bauer, G.B., Gaspard III, J.C., Colbert, D.E., Leach, J.B. Stamper, S.A., Mann, D. Reep, R. (2012). Tactile discrimination of textures by Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris). Marine Mammal Science, 28, E456-E471.
  • Reep, R.L., Gaspard, J.C., Sarko, D.K., Rice, F.L., Mann, D.A., Bauer, G.B. (2011) Manatee vibrissae: evidence for a “lateral line” function. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1225, 101-109.
  • Mann, D., Hill-Cook, M., Manire, C., Greenhow, D.,  Montie, E., Powell, J., Wells, R., Bauer, G., Cunningham-Smith, P., Lingenfelser, R.,  DiGiovanni, R. Jr., Stone, Brodsky, A.M., Stevens, R.,  Kieffer, G., & Hoetjes, P.  (2010). Hearing loss in stranded odontocete dolphins and whales. PloS one 5(11): e13824. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013824.
  • Bauer, G.B., Colbert, D.E. & Gaspard, J.C. (2010).  Learning about Manatees: A Collaborative Program between New College of Florida and Mote Marine Laboratory to Conduct Laboratory Research for Manatee Conservation, International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 23, 811-825.
  • Fellner, W., Bauer, G.B., Harley, H.E. (2006). Cognitive implications of synchrony in dolphins.  (Invited manuscript for Special Edition of Aquatic Mammals. 32, 511-516).
  • Mann, D., Hill, M., Casper, B., Colbert, D., Gaspard, J., and Bauer, G.B. (2005). Temporal resolution of the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) auditory system. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 191, 903-908.
  • Bauer, G.B.  (2005).  Research Training for Releasable Animals. Conservation Biology,  19, 1779-1789.
  • Bauer, G.B., Colbert, D., Fellner, W., Gaspard, J., & Littlefield, B.  (2003). Underwater visual acuity of Florida manatees, Trichechus manatus latirostris International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 16, 130-142.
  • Colbert, D., Fellner, W., Bauer, G.B., Manire,C.A., & Rhinehart, H.L. (2001).
  • Husbandry and research training of two Florida manatees, (Trichechus manatus latirostris).   Aquatic Mammals, 27, 16-23.
  • Bauer, G.B. & Harley, H. (2001).  The mimetic dolphin (Commentary). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24, 326-327.
  • Mobley, J.R., Bauer, G.B., & Herman, L.M. (1999). Changes over a ten-year interval in the distribution and relative abundance of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) wintering in Hawaiian waters. Aquatic Mammals, 25, 63-72.
  • Bauer, G.B. and Johnson, C.M.  (1994). Trained motor imitation by bottlenosed dolphins.   Perceptual and Motor Skills, 79, 1307-1315.
  • Perry, A., Bauer, G.B., & Dizon, A.E. (1985), Magnetoreception and biomineralization of magnetite in amphibians and reptiles.  In Kirschvink, J.L., Jones, D.S., and MacFadden, B.J. (eds.).  Magnetite Biomineralization and Magnetoreception in Organisms.  Plenum Press:  New York.  
  • Bauer, G.B., Fuller, M., Perry, A., Dunn, R., and Zoeger, J. (1985), Magnetoreception and biomineralization of magnetite in cetaceans.  In Kirschvink, J.L., Jones, D.S., and MacFadden, B.J. (eds.).  Magnetite Biomineralization and Magnetoreception in Organisms.  Plenum Press:  New York.