Phone Number
Email Address
Heiser Natural Science E256/Pritzker Marine Biology Lab 109
Heiser E172C
Office / Division / Concentration
Marine Biology


Ph.D., University of South Florida
M.A., Boston University
B.Sc., McGill University

Dr. Gardiner specializes in the sensory ecology and behavior of fishes, primarily elasmobranchs (sharks, skates, and rays). Her research focuses on multisensory integration – understanding how animals use multiple sensory cues simultaneously to perform complex behaviors such as feeding, navigation, and homing. She is also interested in the interactions between fish and their habitats, specifically the environmental and ecosystem factors that influence habitat use and movements in estuaries and nearshore coastal environments. She has a particular interest in nursery areas and philopatry, or repeated returns to the same areas. Current projects use acoustic telemetry and PIT telemetry to examine habitat use, residency and migration, and to investigate the effects of climate change and coastal development. This research has implications for management and conservation, especially for threatened and endangered species.

Recent Courses

Fish Biology Lecture
Fish Biology Laboratory
Sensory Biology of Fishes
Experimental Marine Biology Laboratory
Biology of Sharks, Skates and Rays Lecture
Biology of Sharks, Skates, and Rays Laboratory
Foundations of Biology I

Selected Publications

Caldentey, P., Brennan, N., Heimann, T., and Gardiner, J.M. 2021. “Prey capture kinematics of wild and hatchery juvenile common snook Centropomus undecimalis.” Bulletin of Marine Science 97 (4):539-558.

Lowerre-Barbieri, S., Friess, C., Griffin, L.P., Morley, D., Skomal G., Bickford, J., Hammerschlag, N., Rider, M., Smukall, M., van Zinnicq Bergmann, M. Guttridge, T., Kroetz, A., Grubbs, D., Gervasi, C.L., Rehage, J.S., Poulakis, G., Bassos-Hull, K., Gardiner, J.M., Casselberry, G., Young, J., Perkinson, M., Ambercrombie, D., Addis, D., Block, B. Acosta, A., Adams, A., Danylchuk, A., Cooke, S., Whoriskey, F., and Brownscombe, J. 2021. “Movescapes and eco-evolutionary movement strategies in marine fish: assessing a connectivity hotspot.” Fish and Fisheries 22 (6): 1321-1344.

Friess, C., Lowerre-Barbieri, S., Poulakis, G.R., Hammerschlag, N., Gardiner, J.M., Kroetz, A.M., Bassos-Hull, K., Bickford, J., Bohaboy, E.C., Ellis, R.D., Menendez, H., Patterson, W.F., Price, M.E., Rehage, J.S., Shea, C.P., Smukall, M.J., Walters Burnsed, S., Wilkinson, K.A., Young, J. Collins, A., DeGroot, B.C., Peterson, C.T., Purtlebaugh, C., Randall, M., Scharer, R.M., Schloesser, R.W., Wiley, T.R., Alvarez, G.A., Danylchuck, A., Fox, A.G., Grubbs, R.D., Hill, A., Locascio, J.V., O’Donnell, P.M., Skomal, G.B., Whoriskey, F.G., Griffin, L.P. 2021. “Regional scale variability in the movement ecology of marine fishes revealed by an integrative acoustic tracking network.” Marine Ecology Progress Series 663: 157-177

Postaire, B.D., Bakker, J., Gardiner, J., Wiley, T.R., and Chapman, D.D. 2020. “Environmental DNA tracks established seasonal occurrence of blacktip sharks (Carcharhinus limbatus) in a semi-enclosed subtropical bay.” Scientific Reports 10: 11847.

Huber, D.R., Wilga, C.A.D., Dean, M.N., Ferry, L.A., Gardiner, J.M., Habegger, M.L., Papastamatiou, Y.P., Ramsay, J.B., and Whitenack, L.M. 2019. “Feeding in cartilaginous fishes: An interdisciplinary synthesis.” In Feeding in Vertebrates – Evolution, Morphology, Behavior, Biomechanics, edited by Bels, V., and I.Q. Wishaw, 231-295. Springer Nature Switzerland.

Gardiner, J.M., Whitney, N.M., and Hueter, R.E.  2015. “Smells like home: the role of olfactory cues in the homing behavior of blacktip sharks, Carcharhinus limbatus.” Integrative and Comparative Biology 55(3): 495-506.

Gardiner, J.M. and Atema, J.  2014. “Flow Sensing in Sharks: Lateral Line Contributions to Navigation and Prey Capture.” In Flow Sensing in Air and Water – Behavioral, Neural, and Engineering Principles of Operation, edited by Bleckmann, H., Mogdans, J., and S.L. Coombs, 127-146. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Gardiner, J.M., Atema, J., Hueter, R.E., and Motta, P.J. 2014. “Multisensory integration and behavioral plasticity in sharks from different ecological niches.” PLOS One 9 (4): e93036.

Gardiner, J.M., Hueter, R.E., Maruska, K.P., Sisneros, J.A., Casper, B.M., Mann, D.A., and Desmski, L.S. 2012. Sensory Physiology and Behavior of Elasmobranchs. In Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives, Vol. 1, 2nd edition, edited by Carrier, J.C., Musick, J.A., and M.R. Heithaus, 349-401. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Gardiner, J.M. and Motta, P.J. 2012. “Largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) switch feeding modalities in response to sensory deprivation.” Zoology 115: 78-83.

Motta, P.J., Maslanka, M., Hueter, R.E., Davis, R.L., De la Parra, R., Mulvany, S.L., Habegger, M.L., Strother, J.A., Mara, K.R., Gardiner, J.M., Tyminski, J.P., and Ziegler, L.D. 2010. “Feeding anatomy, filter-feeding rate, and diet of whale sharks Rhincodon typus during surface ram feeding off the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico.” Zoology 113 (4): 199-212.

Gardiner, J.M. and Atema, J. 2010. “The function of bilateral odor arrival time differences in olfactory orientation of sharks.” Current Biology 20: 1187-1191.